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USAfrica: Nigeria’s Buhari, El-Rufai and the genocide against southern Kaduna christians

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USAfrica: Nigeria’s Buhari, El-Rufai and the genocide against southern Kaduna christians.

By Philip Nwaegeruo

Special to USAfrica multimedia networks (Houston) and USAfricaonline.com @Chido247 @USAfricaLive

The recent attacks and sacking of many communities in southern Kaduna, Kaduna State by herdsmen raise these pertinent questions: Are the attacks motivated by quest for grazing space or are they engaged in an ethnic cleansing/genocide?

What is playing out is the conquest of an indigenous people and total occupation of the land with political, economic and religious structures that seek to replace what is on ground.

The argument of quest for fodder flies in the face of recent statements by the Kaduna State governor, Malam, Nasir El-Rufai. He is quoted as saying that anybody who kills a Fulani has collected a loan which he must pay. He is also quoted to have said that he paid the Fulani, who he claimed were foreigners to stop the killings.

Further, El Rufai is said to have called Fulani folks who left Kaduna for one reason or other to come back now that a Fulani man (himself) is the Governor of the state. From the governor’s utterances it is obvious that the struggle for southern Kaduna is not about grass for feeding of animals. Rather, it is a struggle for displacement of one group by another.  No wonder the wanton killings and destruction of property. One hopes the herdsmen don’t intend to repeat what the Janjaweeds did to the indigenous Christians of South Sudan, a deliberate act of ethnic cleansing backed by the government in power.

It is good to put what is happening in southern Kaduna in correct perspective. The activities of the herdsmen in southern Kaduna is a continuation of a suspended programme of Islamic jihad of 19th century which overthrew indigenous Hausa states, destroyed their culture and religion and established the present caliphate. Put differently, this is an act to extend the frontiers of the caliphate where it feels it has not taken absolute control.

A research into Nigeria history reveals that typical indigenous Hausa people with their indigenous middle belt counterparts are not pastoralists, but crop farmers. Pastoralism is an 18th and 19th centuries phenomenon introduced by the Fulani pastoral Islamists who had the dual motive of finding pasture for their animals and establishing a politico-religious system to replace the existing one in place.

For instance, after the conquest of the seven old Hausa states by the Fulani invaders in 1804 led by their patriarch, Othman Dan Fodio, the true Hausa identity was lost to a cultural mix called Hausa-Fulani. The original Hausa culture and institution that supported and produced women leaders such as Queen Amina of Zaria was lost to the mix that does not encourage women leadership. Also, nomadism is not an Hausa culture. Rather it was fostered through conquest. In other words, there is no surviving Hausa cultural practice in existence today, but an assimilated Arabic-Fulfulde politico-religious lifestyle.

Put differently, the first group in Nigeria to lose its identity as a result of conquest is the Hausa. History has it that the non-Hausa communities in northern Nigeria resisted the invading Fulani

President-Buhari-of-Nigeria-contemplative-pix

jihadists that conquered the core Hausa states and were able to maintain their political, economic and religious identity until Britain aided the invaders through indirect rule and subjugated these ethnic minorities under the power of the sultanate. This is the genesis of the struggle to take absolute control of the land and people of the minorities of the north.

It is unfortunate that this core motive of finishing the unfinished business of the 19th century in the 21st century is being aided with the propaganda of climate change, desertification and scarcity of fodder and decrease in flora.

As far back as the early 20th century when the first set of grazing reserves were created and gazetted by the Northern Nigerian government, under the oligarchy, global warming and its attendant effects had not reached the level as it is today, yet lands were acquired in the middle belt with the intention to pursue the subjugation motive.

Juxtaposing this background with the current onslaught against the indigenous minorities of the middle belt generally and southern Kaduna in particular by the Fulani pastoralists, one sees a relationship between the pursuit of age-old expansionism and the quest for fodder. Let no one be deceived, quest for fodder is a secondary reason. The main motive is political, cultural and religious domination as well as acquisition of land by force.

In Nigeria’s geopolitical history, every group has an indigenous homeland; that is not in dispute, except the Fulani. The Hausa, Kauri, Nupe and other groups in the north can point to a geographical terrain as a homeland. The Yoruba of Western Nigeria and the Igbo of South Eastern Nigeria all have places that can be referred to as homeland. Although, the Aros in Igbo land share some of the similar trait of having  settler communities with the Fulani, the Aros have a homeland (Arochukwu, in Abia State) which every Aro man no matter where he is under the globe regards as a homeland.

Historically, the Futa-jalon mountain areas of Senegal is believed to be the ancestral homeland of the Fulani. But as nomads always on the move and settling wherever they can see grass for their animals, they are usually accommodated by their host communities. This is acknowledged and accommodated in the constitution in which there is a de-emphasis on ethnicism. Yet this accommodation does not negate the right of indigenous people, of any place to ownership of their land.

From facts, what is playing out in the (predominantly Christian) middle belt and particularly in Kaduna south is a deliberate act of aggression to further the decades-old expansionist agenda (of the Fulani Muslims).

How can anyone explain government’s non-challant attitude to the danger posed by the aggression in Kaduna South? How come there are little or no arrests of the murderous aggressors? Rather it is a placating of criminals with Kaduna State governor saying he paid some people to stop killing in southern Kaduna.

Certainly, the Kaduna State Government and by extension Federal Government of Nigeria are accomplices and have the burden to prove otherwise.

•Nwaegeruo serves as the General Secretary of the Nigeria Christian graduate fellowship.


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AFRICA

World SOCCER SHOWDOWN: South Africa backs Morocco; U.S under pressure

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Special to USAfrica [Houston]  • USAfricaonline.com  •  @Chido247  @USAfricalive

“It is an old myth that Africa doesn’t have the capacity, and naysayers should stop using the political argument. Africa hosted the best Fifa World Cup ever and with good support, Morocco can emulate South Africa,” said the SAFA president Jordaan.

Johannesburg – South Africa Football Association (SAFA) president Danny Jordaan has promised Morocco that South Africa will give its unqualified support to secure another World Cup on the African continent in 2026.

Morocco is vying to stage the world’s biggest football prize against a joint bid by Canada, Mexico and the U.S.

The Moroccan delegation comprises ex-Senegal and Liverpool striker El Hadji Diouf and former Cameroonian goalkeeper Joseph-Antoine Bell.

Jordaan said it would be great for Africa to have a second bite of the World Cup cherry, adding Morocco’s bid was Africa’s bid.

Jordaan assured Morocco that he would personally lobby for the Council for Southern Africa Football Associations (Cosafa) and the rest of the continent to rally behind the Moroccans.

In his remarks, Antoine Bell said Morocco had all the ingredients to host another spectacular World Cup.

“South Africa showed the way and I am confident Morocco will follow suit. The country has international standards, from the stadiums to top infrastructure. Morocco can compete with the best in the world,” he said.

By giving Morocco its support, South Africa’s voice would make all the difference on the continent, Bell said.

“When South Africa talks on the continent, the rest of the continent listens hence it is vital for South Africa to support Morocco. South Africa has the experience and Morocco will use this experience to win the 2016 bid,” added Bell. African News Agency

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BUSINESS

USAfrica: Nigeria’s embattled President Buhari returns to London

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Nigeria’s embattled President Buhari returns to London

Special to USAfrica [Houston] • USAfricaonline.com  • @Chido247

In a few hours, Nigeria’s President Muhammadu Buhari will travel to Britain from Abuja on Monday April 9, 2017. According to a news release Sunday evening by presidential spokesperson, Garba Shehu, Buhari who has been facing severe criticism on his performance since May 2015 will “hold discussions on Nigeria – British relations with Prime Minister Theresa May, prior to the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meetings scheduled for April 18 to 20.”

Since Buhari became civilian President, his first trip to Britain for medical treatment, according to USAfrica News Index, took place from January to March, 2017. Soon, following the clear evidence of the challenges he had regarding his health, he made his longest and most talked about trip when he left Nigeria back to London on May 7, 2017 and returned to an apprehensive nation on August 19, 2017. He is 77 years old
The likely issue of his meeting with his doctors concerning his yet, officially, undisclosed health challenges was not mentioned by his spokesperson.

On another business matter, the former army General will meet the Chief Executive Officer of Royal Dutch Plc, Mr. Ben van Beurden regarding “Shell and other partners’ plan to invest $15 billion in Nigeria’s oil industry. These investment ventures will lay the foundation for the next 20 years production and domestic gas supply, bringing with it all the attendant benefits both to the economy and the wider society.”

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BrkNEWS: U.S government, technically, shuts down as 4 Republican Senators vote against Trump

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Washington DC (AP) — The U.S federal government shut down at the stroke of midnight Friday, halting all but the most essential operations and marring the one-year anniversary of President Donald Trump’s inauguration in a striking display of Washington dysfunction.

Last-minute negotiations crumbled as Senate Democrats blocked a four-week stopgap extension in a late-night vote, causing the fourth government shutdown in a quarter century. Behind the scenes, however, leading Republicans and Democrats were already moving toward a next step, trying to work out a compromise to avert a lengthy shutdown.

Since the shutdown began at the start of a weekend, many of the immediate effects will be muted for most Americans. But any damage could build quickly if the closure is prolonged. And it comes with no shortage of embarrassment for the president and political risk for both parties, as they wager that voters will punish the other at the ballot box in November.

Social Security and most other safety net programs are unaffected by the lapse in federal spending authority. Critical government functions will continue, with uniformed service members, health inspectors and law enforcement officers set to work without pay. But if no deal is brokered before Monday, hundreds of thousands of federal employees will be furloughed.

White House budget director Mick Mulvaney wasn’t optimistic Friday evening about the chances of Democrats and Republicans reaching a deal on a spending bill before midnight. Still, he said there’s a “good chance” they find a solution by Monday.

After hours of closed-door meetings and phone calls, the Senate scheduled its late-night vote on a House-passed plan. It gained 50 votes to proceed to 49 against, but 60 were needed to break a Democratic filibuster. A handful of red-state Democrats crossed the aisle to support the measure, rather than take a politically risky vote. Four Republicans voted in opposition.

In an unusual move, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell allowed the roll call to exceed 90 minutes — instead of the usual 20 or so — and run past midnight, seemingly accommodating the numerous discussions among leaders and other lawmakers. Still as midnight passed and the calendar turned, there was no obvious off-ramp to the political stalemate.

Even before the vote, Trump was pessimistic, tweeting that Democrats actually wanted the shutdown “to help diminish the success” of the tax bill he and fellow Republicans pushed through last month. White House press secretary Sarah Sanders later termed the Democrats “obstructionist losers.”

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