Clinton pledges U.S support for Nigeria, as Islamists Boko Haram attacks worsen
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By Nicolas Revise, AFP: US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton urged the president of Nigeria on Thursday (August 10, 2012) to push ahead with reforms as it faces a deadly Islamist insurgency which has shaken Africa’s largest oil producer.
Her visit to Nigeria, Africa’s most populous nation and a major supplier of oil to the US, came with President Goodluck Jonathan under growing pressure to stop the violence in the country’s north and central region.
Islamist militant group Boko Haram has killed more than 1,400 people since 2010, according to the group Human Rights Watch.
Clinton said after meeting Jonathan, key ministers and security chiefs that “we really believe that the future for Nigeria is limitless”.
“But the most important task that you face, as you have said, is making sure that there are better opportunities for all Nigerians — north, south, east, west,” she said.
US diplomats have repeatedly spoken of the deep poverty in Nigeria’s north that many say has fuelled the insurgency.
“We want to work with you and we will be by your side as you make the reforms and take the tough decisions that are necessary,” Clinton said.
She later flew on to nearby Ghana ahead of the funeral of president John Atta Mills on Friday as her 10-day African tour neared its end. She is also expected to briefly visit Benin as the final stop of the trip.
In Nigeria, Clinton also spoke of efforts to improve transparency and limit corruption in a country consistently ranked as one of the world’s most graft-ridden.
She also spoke of US help in improving agriculture — a key concern for Nigeria’s north.
Ahead of the meeting, a State Department official said Clinton would also offer help to Nigeria in boosting the country’s investigative and intelligence capabilities.
“This is a problem for Nigeria, but also, northern Nigeria borders Cameroon, it borders Niger,” the official said, expressing concern about radical networks operating across national borders.
The US offer of assistance included helping to develop Nigeria’s forensics and investigative procedures, according to the official.
“We can help them develop mechanisms for tracking and determining individuals who are likely to be engaged in supporting Boko Haram actively,” the official said.
Washington would also be willing to help Nigeria develop an intelligence coordination centre that would assist in integrating information, the official said.
Some US lawmakers have been pushing President Barack Obama’s administration to label Boko Haram a global terrorist group, but diplomats have resisted the designation, stressing the group remains domestically focused.
In June however, the United States labeled suspected Boko Haram leader Abubakar Shekau and two other Nigerian militants as “global terrorists”, allowing any US assets they may have to be blocked.
Shekau appeared in a video posted on YouTube last weekend dismissing the designation and criticising Jonathan.
Nigeria has provided some eight percent of US oil imports, and crude production, based in the country’s south, has not been affected by the insurgency.
Boko Haram’s range of targets has widened, and its attacks have moved from assassinations to increasingly sophisticated bombings and suicide attacks.
Members are believed to have sought training in northern Mali from Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb, Al-Qaeda’s north African branch, and Western nations have been monitoring closely for signs of further links.
Boko Haram has attacked UN headquarters in the capital Abuja and one of the country’s most prominent newspapers, in addition to frequent bombings and shootings in the northeast, where the sect is based.
While Muslims have often been its victims, it has recently targeted churches. Jonathan has accused the group of seeking to provoke a religious crisis in a country roughly divided between a mainly Muslim north and predominantly Christian south.
The group is believed to include factions with varying interests, and many analysts say deep poverty and a lack of development in Nigeria’s north have been key factors behind the insurgency.
A senior US official said Thursday that Washington wants to encourage Nigeria to set up a “comprehensive programme in the north” that would combine a security strategy with a socio-economic plan.
The country and its enormous economic potential have long been held back by deeply rooted corruption, with infrastructure sorely lacking and electricity blackouts occurring daily despite its oil wealth.
Nigeria’s Federal Republic of Insecurity. By Chido Nwangwu, Publisher of USAfrica, USAfricaonline.com and the Nigeria360 e-group. https://usafricaonline.com/2011/12/17/nigeria-federal-republic-of-insecurity-by-chido-nwangwu/ : IF any of the Nigerian President’s 100 advisers has the polite courage for the extraordinary task of reminding His Excellency of his foremost, sworn, constitutional obligation to the national interest about security and safety of Nigerians and all who sojourn in Nigeria, please whisper clearly to Mr. President that I said, respectfully: Nigerians, at home and abroad, are still concerned and afraid for living in what I call Nigeria’s Federal Republic of Insecurity. FULL text of commentary at USAfricaonline.com https://usafricaonline.com/2011/12/17/nigeria-federal-republic-of-insecurity-by-chido-nwangwu/
• Nigeria’s bin-Laden cheerleaders could ignite religious war, destabilize Africa. By USAfrica’s Publisher Chido Nwangwu. https://usafricaonline.com/chido.binladennigeria.html http://www.google.com/search?client=safari&rls=en&q=USAfrica+Chido+Nwangwu+al-qaeda+terrrorism+nigeria&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8 https://usafricaonline.com/tag/al-qaeda/ 310 killed by Nigeria’s ‘talibans’ in Bauchi, Yobe n Maiduguri; crises escalate. USAfricaonline.com on July 28, 2009. www.usafricaonline.com/chido.ngrtalibans09.html http://www.groundreport.com/World/310-killed-by-Nigerias-talibans-in-Bauchi-Yobe-n-M/2904584
Related and prior reporting on the Jos crises on USAfrica, click here: https://usafricaonline.com/2011/08/16/10-killed-in-renewed-violence-near-jos/
News archives related to Jos, here https://usafricaonline.com/?s=jos 310 killed by Nigeria’s ‘talibans’ in Bauchi, Yobe n Maiduguri; crises escalate. USAfricaonline.com on July 28, 2009. www.usafricaonline.com/chido.ngrtalibans09.html http://www.groundreport.com/World/310-killed-by-Nigerias-talibans-in-Bauchi-Yobe-n-M/2904584
Trump looks foolish and crazy screaming about Obama’s birth certificates, college records and Muslim connection. By Raynard Jackson
Why Chinua Achebe, the Eagle on the Iroko, is Africa’s writer of the century. By Chido Nwangwu, Publisher of USAfrica, and first African-owned, U.S-based newspaper published on the internet USAfricaonline.com https://usafricaonline.com/chido.achebebest.html
USAfrica: Ikemba ODUMEGWU OJUKWU’s farewell in Aba, today February 28, 2012, reflected a fitting tribute, historically meaningful celebration, proper regard and deserving appreciation of the greatest Igbo, in my opinion, to have ever lived (like him or hate him).
I SALUTE Aba (aka Enyimba city), the robust and fearless town I was born, bred and raised, for giving the Ikemba, our Ochiagha, Gburugburu, Oka oburu uzo, dike na ndu ma n’onwu, mgbadike anyi, a hero’s farewell.
To the Ikemba, may your valiant soul rest in peace and dignity.
We will, and I, Chido Nwangwu, will never forget to continue to tell my generation and the next about your towering courage through tempest and thunder; through sorrow, pain, tears, blood…. •Dr. Chido Nwangwu, Founder & Publisher of USAfrica multimedia networks, first African-owned, U.S-based newspaper published on the internet USAfricaonline.com; and recipient of several journalism and public policy awards, was recently profiled by the CNN International for his pioneering works on multimedia/news/public policy projects for Africans and Americans. http://edition.cnn.com/video/#/video/international/2010/07/29/mpa.african.media.bk.a.cnn.
• For seasoned insights and breaking news on these issues, log on to USAfricaonline.com and USAfrica powered e-groups including Nigeria360 at yahoogroups and USAfrica at googlegroups. Follow us at Facebook.com/USAfricaChido and Twitter.com/Chido247